Char Dham are the names of four pilgrimage sites in India that is considered highly sacred by Hindus to visit during one's lifetime. It comprises of Badrinath, Dwarka, Puri and Rameswaram.
Badrinath is located in the state of Uttarakhand. It is in the Garhwal region on the banks of the Alaknanda River. The town lies between the Nar and Narayana mountain ranges and in the shadow of Nilkantha peak.
Dwarka is located in the west of Gujarat state in India. Dwarka is located close to the place where the Gomti River merges into the Gulf of Kutch. Dwarka is the place where Lord Krishna has lived.
Puri is located at the east of Odisha state in India and is situated on the coast of the Bay of Bengal. Puri is one of the oldest cities in the eastern part of the country. Lord Jagannatha temple is the only shrine in India, where goddess, Subhadra, sister of Lord Krishna is worshipped along with her brothers, Lord Jagannatha (Shri Krishna) and Lord Balabhadra. The main temple is considered to be 1000 years old which was constructed by Raja Choda Ganga Deva and Raja Tritiya Ananga Bhima Deva.
Rameswaram is located at the South of Tamil Nadu state and is situated in the Gulf of Mannar. According to legends Rameswaram is the place from where Lord Rama, built a bridge (Ram Setu) to Lanka. The presiding deity here is in the form of a Linga with the name Sri Ramanatha Swamy, it also is one of the twelve Jyotirlingas.
Uttarakhand has another pilgrimage site also known as Chota Char Dham which comprises Gangotri, Yamunotri, Badrinath and Kedarnath.
The shrine of Gangotri is situated amidst captivating surroundings, along the right bank of Bhagirathi is 100 km from Uttarkashi in Uttarkashi District. The ritual duties are supervised by the Semwal family of pujaris. The aarti ceremony at the Gangotri is especially impressive, as is the temple, a stately affair that sits on the banks of the rushing Ganga (Ganges River). Gangotri is the source of the Ganga (Ganges) River and seat of the goddess Ganga.
The Shrine of Yamunotri at the source of river Yamuna is the western - most shrine in the Garhwal Himalayas in Uttarkashi district of Uttarakhand. Yamunotri is famous for its temple devoted to goddess Yamuna and thermal springs at Jankichatti and glaciers. Atop is a flank of Bandar Poonch peak (3615 m). Yamunotri is the source of the Yamuna River and the seat of the goddess Yamuna.
Badrinath is situated in Himalayas on the banks of Alaknanda river in Chamoli District. The town lies between the Nar and Narayana mountain ranges and in the shadow of Nilkantha Peak. The route to Badarinath is one of the most fascinating one due to the lofty hilly terrain, curves and cliffs amidst the most scenically beautiful place on the earth.
Kedarnath, the ancient and magnificient temple is located in the Rudra Himalaya range in Rudraprayag District of the northern state of Uttaranchal. In Kedarnath lord Shiva is worshiped as one of the twelve jyotirling (linga of light). This conical protrusion about five feet by four feet or 'jyothirlingam' is worshipped as the idol in the Kedarnath temple.