Glaciers In Uttarakhand
Glaciers are basically made up of fallen snow which over the years compresses into large thickened masses of ice which have an ability to move, albiet very slowly. The glacial movement is directed by gravity and high pressure. It is noteworthy that the glacial ice is the largest source of fresh water on Earth.
Glaciers of Uttarakhand acts like an important features of Uttarakhand's topography as it source some of the most important river systems of India. While the river Ganga has its origin in the melt waters of Gangotri glacier, the melt waters of Yamunotri glacier feed the headstream of river Yamuna.
Glaciers here in Uttarakhand are also very popular with tourist and trekkers. Some of these mighty glaciers are considered holy while some are visited just because of there sheer magnificence.
Bandarpunch Glacier is located in the Yamuna basin of Himalayas at a height of 4442 metre. Banderpoonch Glacier is 12 km long and located at the northen slopes of Bandarpunch peak (6316m), Bandarpunch west (6102m), and Khatling peak (6387m).Read more
Chorabari Glacier which is at a height of 3800 metre comes under Rudraprayag district. Originating from the Southern slope of Kedar dome, Chorbari Glacier is 6 kms long. Chorabari Glacier starts from its accumulation zone ( 6000 mtrs) and terminates at 3800 meters. Kirti stambh, Bhartekhunta and other glaciers divide it from the Gangotri glacier group.Read more
Dokriani Glacier is at a height of 3800 mts. This 5 kms long Dokriani Glacier flows in the northwest direction. The glacier originates at a height of approximately 6000 mts, originating from northern slope of Draupadi-ka-Danda (5600 mts) and Jaonli Peak(6000 mts). Dokriani Glacier terminates into streams of water at the height of 3800 mts. which finally merges in to the Bhagirathi river.Read more
Doongiri Glacier is at a height of 5150 mts to 4240 mts. forms Dhauli Ganga. This 5.5 kms long Doongiri Glacier is one of the important glaciers of Dhauli Ganga basin. These small large glaciers in assorted shapes lie in the valleys formed here. Water streams coming from the glacier finally merges into Dhauliganga river near Juma Village.Read more
Gangotri Glacier originates at a height of 7,100 mts above the sea level. The glacier lies within a span of 28 kms and terminates at Gaumukh which is at 3892 mts. Gangotri Glacier is a combination of several glaciers which as a result form a huge mass of ice. From top it appears to be plain bluish ice but towards the end it gets muddy because of the debris.Read more
Khatling Glacier which comes under Tehri District is surrounded by snow capped peaks of Jogin group (6646 mts.), Sphetic Pristwar (6905 mts.), Barte Kauter (6579 mts.), Kirti Stambh (6902 mts.) and Meru. It's a lateral glacier, at the source of the river Bhilangana. The Valley of Bhilangana affords a panoramic view of snow capped peaks and hanging glaciers.Read more
Pindari Glacier is in Bageshwar district (Kumaon) at an altitude Variation of 3,600m to 5,000m. It lies between the Nanda Devi and Nandakot peaks. It is one of the most easily accessible of all the Himalayan glaciers. Pindari glacier is located in the Pinder valley between longitudes 790 13'-800 02' E and latitudes 300 15' N. It occupies an area of 339.39-sq-kms.Read more
Satopanth Glacier is originates at a height of 7000 mts. from the peaks of the Chaukhamba (7068 mts.) and the Badrinath (6974 mts.) mountains. The term 'Satopanth' has derived from two words - 'Sato' meaning heaven, and 'Panth' meaning path or way. Satopanth along with Bhagirathi Kark serve as the sources of river Alaknanda.Read more