Glaciers In Uttarakhand
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Glaciers In Uttarakhand

June 30, 2009 | Post By: Vinay Dobhal | Editor: Amit Dobhal




Glaciers are basically made up of fallen snow which over the years compresses into large thickened masses of ice which have an ability to move, albiet very slowly. The glacial movement is directed by gravity and high pressure. It is noteworthy that the glacial ice is the largest source of fresh water on Earth.

Glaciers of Uttarakhand acts like an important features of Uttarakhand's topography as it source some of the most important river systems of India. While the river Ganga has its origin in the melt waters of Gangotri glacier, the melt waters of Yamunotri glacier feed the headstream of river Yamuna.

Glaciers here in Uttarakhand are also very popular with tourist and trekkers. Some of these mighty glaciers are considered holy while some are visited just because of there sheer magnificence.



Khatling Glacier

Khatling Glacier which comes under Tehri District is surrounded by snow capped peaks of Jogin group (6646 mts.), Sphetic Pristwar (6905 mts.), Barte Kauter (6579 mts.), Kirti Stambh (6902 mts.) and Meru. It's a lateral glacier, at the source of the river Bhilangana. The Valley of Bhilangana affords a panoramic view of snow capped peaks and hanging glaciers.
One can start for trek to Khatlang Glacier from Ghuttu. The trekking distance from Ghuttu to Khatling is just 55 kms. Ghuttu is connected fairly with other prominent places like Dehradun, Tehri, Mussoorie and Rishikesh. Moderate trekker can easy undertake this trek.

Pindari Glacier

Pindari Glacier is in Bageshwar district (Kumaon) at an altitude Variation of 3,600m to 5,000m. It lies between the Nanda Devi and Nandakot peaks. It is one of the most easily accessible of all the Himalayan glaciers. Pindari glacier is located in the Pinder valley between longitudes 790 13'-800 02' E and latitudes 300 15' N. It occupies an area of 339.39-sq-kms. This five kilometer long glacier gives birth to Pindari river.
To reach this glacier one can start from Almora by road upto Song (base camp) and thereafter one has to trek 45-km upto Pindari Glacier.

Satopanth Glacier

Satopanth Glacier is originates at a height of 7000 mts. from the peaks of the Chaukhamba (7068 mts.) and the Badrinath (6974 mts.) mountains. The term 'Satopanth' has derived from two words - 'Sato' meaning heaven, and 'Panth' meaning path or way. Satopanth along with Bhagirathi Kark serve as the sources of river Alaknanda. Spreading over some 13 kms, Satopanth Glacier is located merely 17 kms from Badrinath temple of the Chamoli District. This glacier melts into water at an altitude of 3810 meters.
Treks to this glacier is a full of adventure and can only be done during summers. The glacier can be aproached from Joshimath, Chamoli District by following the Badrinath and Mana (3128m) road. From Mana you can take the route which follows the course of the Alaknanda River. At an elevation of 145 km, one can come across a waterfall named Vasudhara. Walking 5 kms upward from Vasudhara opens the snout of Satopanth Glacier.

Tiprabamak Glacier

Tiprabamak glacier is in Garhwal Region. It's the 6-km long glacier, the longest Glacier Of Bhyundar Ganga Basin. There are some 16 glaciers forming in the Bhuyender Ganga Basin and Alaknanda catchment but only Tiprabamak and Ratanban are of some significance. Bamak is the local name for the glacier.
To reach this glacier one can take the Joshimath - Badrinath road which will take you to Govind Ghat and from there 20 kms. further, a path will take you to the glacier. One can also visit Valley of Flowers which is on the same route. Best time to visit this glacier is Mid June to Mid October.




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