Badrinath was originally established as a pilgrimage site by Adi Shankara in the ninth century. It is said that Shankara discovered the image of Badrinarayan in the Alaknanda River and enshrined it in a cave near the Tapt Kund (Hot Spring). Later the King of Garhwal moved that image to the present temple. Since then the temple has undergone several major renovations by many people.
What the History says
Legend says that one day Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati were doing tapasya in Badrinath. They got disturbed by a small boy (Lord Vishnu in disguise) who was crying. When Parvati asked the reason of his crying he replied that he wanted Badrinath for meditation. After that Shiva and Parvati both moved to Kedarnath.
Best time to visit
The ideal time or peak season to go for a Char Dham Yatra is from May to October, except monsoons. This is because; all the four sacred sites are perched in Garhwal Himalayas, which is prone to heavy snowfall. As a result, all the passage leading to the shrines are blocked. Moreover, during the monsoon season, there is undue threat of having landslides, which can further disrupt the journey. For safety reasons, the gates of the temples are also closed for this period of time and the idols are shifted to nearby pilgrim points. Weather can vary.
|Latitude||30° 73' N|
|Longitude||77° 48' E|
|Altitude||3415 mts above the sea level|
|Location||Situated along with Alaknanda River|
|Dedicated To||Badrinarayan (Vishnu)|
|Built In||Believed to date to the Vedic period. The current structure was built in the 9th century AD by Adi Shankaracharya.|
How to reach
The nearest airport is the Jolly Grant Airport, Dehradun which is 317 km. away by road. Option of helicopter is also available from Dehradun. Distance by a helicopter journey is hardly 100 km.
The nearest railway stations are at Rishikesh (297 km) and Kotdwara (327 km). Haridwar railway junction (24 km farther from Rishikesh), has train connections to most of the major cities in India and is, therefore, the railhead for Badrinath.
The road distance from Rishikesh to Badrinath is 293 km. Rishikesh and Haridwar are the major starting points for road journey to Badrinath. Buses carry pilgrims from New Delhi to Badrinath via Haridwar and Rishikesh.
It is believed that these temples, dating to the Gupta age(5th century to 8th century), were sanctioned by Adi Shankaracharya who wanted to spread the tenets of Hinduism to every remote corner of the country.
The Bhavishya Badri is at a distance of about 17 kms. east of Joshimath on Joshimath-Lata-Malari route, amidst the thick forests surrounding Tapovan. Pilgrims trek beyond Tapovan up the Dhauliganga River to reach this holy place. The idol of Narsimha (the god with the head of lion) is enshrined here. Visitors pass the serene Tapovan a place known for its hot water springs en route to the banks of the Dhauliganga, and on to the shrine.
Vridha Badri is situated at Animath in Chamoli district in Uttarakhand state of India. It is 1,380 meters above the sea level and 7Kms from Joshimath in Joshimath-Badrinath road. Vridha Badri lies on the way to Kalpeshwar Mahadev Temple and can be reached before Helang. Vridha Badri is dedicated to lord Vishnu, enshrines the statue of Badri as an old man. This is why Vridha Badri gets its name where the word Vridha means old and Badri is the name of lord Vishnu in Badrikshetra.
The Yogdhyan Badari temple is located at Pandukeshwar at an altitude of 1920 m. It is 24 km short of Badrinath on Rishikesh -Badrinath highway. The idol, depiciting a meditative posture of the Lord, is worshipped here.